Greetings from Washington, D.C., where Payday Senior Labor Reporter Mike Elk has arrived to help his union in this week’s picket line of the Washington Post.
Washington Post Threatened to Fire Union Co-Chair
Amazon owner Jeff Bezos, who also owns the Washington Post, is currently demanding that the union weaken security language as part of negotiations.
The Post has already threatened to fire Washington Post Union Co-Chair Fredrick Kunkle for writing a HuffPost op-ed critical of Bezos. Many fear that the move to weaken security language in the contract could be a sign of things to come.
Check out our story on how young people are driving gains in membership at the open-shop Post as Bezos takes an anti-union stance.
Payday Only Outlet to Cover Picket Line at Washington Post
In a sign of the weak labor beat, Payday was the only outlet to cover the first ever picket line at the Washington Post building.
We spent $60 in gas and $70 on a motel in Hagerstown to get in, help out with the gas if you can donate here.
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Memphis Electrolux Workers Win Historic First Contract
In September 2016, Payday covered an impressive win by the IBEW on its second attempt to organize Electrolux’s 700-person plant in Memphis.
In May 2015, the IBEW lost its first attempt by a margin of 57 votes. Instead of giving up, the workers kept pushing hard for another vote and winning over hesitant voters by persuading them that the company’s promise to reform was hollow.
In a dramatic reversal of fortune, a little more than a year later, workers at the plant voted to unionize 461-193.
Now, less than a year later, the workers already have a first contract, ratified by a vote of 231-30.
The contract contains a 3% wage increase in each year of the contract. Starting wages at the home cooking appliance plant are only $12.59 an hour, while the average worker makes slightly less than $16 an hour, according to the Memphis Commercial Appeal.
The contract also includes increases in paid time off and improvement in the disciplinary policy over absenteeism, which many at the plant felt was administered unfairly.
Swedish Unions Helped Win First Contract
For a union to achieve a first contract in a little under a year is a significant achievement. Carl McPeak, the IBEW’s lead organizer for Western Tennessee and Arkansas credits the role of the Swedish union IF Metall, a 325,000-member strong manufacturing union.
Prior to the second IBEW vote, members of IF Metall put pressure on Electrolux’s corporate headquarters in Sweden to avoid using some of the most aggressive anti-union tactics. While the company still employed captive audience meetings, organizers say that their tactics were less ugly than the first time and proved ineffective.
IF Metall even filmed a video voicing their support for Tennessee workers and pledging to have their back as they sought a union.
“That swayed a lot of votes seeing that people all the way from Sweden where in their corner,” the IBEW’s McPeak told Payday.
IBEW Plans to Target Springfield, Tenn., Electrolux Factory
Now, with a first contract in Memphis, the IBEW now plans to go after the 1,500-person Electrolux plant in Springfield, Tenn., outside of Nashville.
“This week, we went out and hand-billed the plant and felt pretty good,” says the IBEW’s McPeak. “We already set up a good meeting and plan to make some hay there as well.”
UAW: Nissan Illegally Tracked Worker’s Union Preferences
In an NLRB report filed earlier this month, the UAW is reporting that for years Nissan illegally tracked the union preferences of its employees.
In an amended complaint filed Sept. 19 with the National Labor Relations Board, the union alleges the automaker “continues to maintain an employee surveillance, data collection and rating system that records employee union activity and rates workers according to their perceived support for or opposition to the UAW.”
In the complaint, which Bloomberg News obtained through a Freedom of Information Act request, the UAW asks the NLRB to subpoena the automaker and investigate its claims.
The UAW submitted a partially redacted document to the NLRB that it said is evidence of Nissan’s rating system. The union said the document lists names and employee numbers along with comments such as “has talked with solicitors at the gate before a shift” and “has been seen hanging with pro-union technicians.”
North Carolina AFL-CIO Elects Its First Female Leader
This month, the North Carolina AFL-CIO took a major step when it elected MaryBe McMillan as President of the North Carolina AFL-CIO.
McMillan first got involved in the labor movement as a graduate student at North Carolina State, where she helped to organize campus workers with UE Local 150, the North Carolina Public Service Workers Union.
As Secretary-Treasurer of the North Carolina AFL-CIO, she got the labor movement heavily involved in fighting HB2, the anti-transgender bathroom bill, and had sought to build channels of communication between poor rural whites and African Americans throughout the state.
“I look forward to working with our affiliates to build the movement we all want—one that is constantly growing, that is both big enough and bold enough to set the agenda and drive our politics, that is unafraid to hold our politicians and our own leaders accountable—a movement with the power to change this state and this nation,” McMillan said in a statement announcing her new position.
Leading Black Florida Gubernatorial Candidate Backs $15 An Hour
Andrew Gillum, the 38-year-old African-American mayor of Tallahassee, has quickly emerged as the frontrunner in the race to be the Democratic nominee for Governor in 2018.
Gillum has signaled his support for Medicare-for-All, criminal justice reform, and offering sanctuary to immigrants
His positions and track record have earned him the endorsement of Democracy for America.
This week, Gillum signaled his support for raising Florida’s minimum wage to $15 an hour.
“As Governor, I’ll support workers in the fight for dignified working conditions and fair pay, including a $15/hour minimum wage” Gillum proclaimed on twitter today. “I’ve said this before and I’ll keep saying it until it sticks: nobody who works a full-time job should be forced to live in poverty.”
Gillum has raised more than $1.34 million and is expected to be one of the leading candidates in the gubernatorial race.
Congress Could Vote on Removing D.C.’s Only Confederate Statue
Currently, D.C. only has one Confederate statue, as the city was considered Lincoln’s Citadel during the Civil War.
The statue is a tribute to Albert Pike, a freemason and Confederate general, which sits on federal park land. Since the monument was installed by an act of Congress, D.C. Delegate Eleanor Holmes Norton (remember they have no congressional vote) introduced a bill to remove it.
This week, Norton visited the freemason’s southern jurisdiction, which originally gifted the statue to D.C., and garnered its support for her bill.
“I appreciate the meeting I had with [Sovereign Grand Commander] Mr. [Ronald] Seale today to discuss General Pike’s statue in Judiciary Square,” Norton said in a statement. “Mr. Seale had already said publicly prior to our meeting that the Freemasons ‘strive to bring people of all races and creeds together in harmony,’ and that, because of its potential divisive nature, his organization would support an ‘action…to remove the statue.’ Our meeting was very amicable and productive, and bodes well for future action.”
Blacks in D.C. Have 1/3 Income of Whites
Many have debated over the years whether D.C. is a Southern city. Located just across the river from Robert E. Lee Highway and the right-to-work suburbs and cities of Northern Virginia, the city has long been considered a melting pot of the North and the South as young college graduates from Virginia and North Carolina populate many of the white-collar jobs in the city.
During Jim Crow, the nation’s capital was segregated despite having visitors from all around the world. Today, the economic and racial segregation of D.C. continues to fuel inequality.
New U.S. Census data draw a stark picture of the capital’s economic inequality. From the Washington City Paper:
The study finds that people of color aren’t benefitting from D.C.’s boom times to the same extent as their white peers, who saw a 12 percent increase in median household income from 2007 to 2016.
Based on official numbers from the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2016 American Community Survey released yesterday, the D.C. Fiscal Policy Institute contends that by various measures, the District’s black and Hispanic populations are falling behind. As of last year, the median annual income for black families, $37,891, was just 30 percent of the median annual income for white families, $127,369. The black median income was also down more than $4,000 as compared to 2015 (when it was $42,062), “a rare statistically significant year-over-year change,” the nonprofit DCFPI explains in a release.
Furthermore, from 2007 to 2016, the black poverty rate rose more than 5 percentage points, from 22.7 percent to 27.9 percent, while the white poverty rate hovered just above 7 percent. Last year, the poverty rate for D.C.’s total population of around 650,000 was 18.6 percent, meaning the black poverty rate was almost 10 percentage points higher than that.
This translates to about 120,000 District residents who are considered impoverished by federal standards. (The poverty line is currently $19,000 for a family of three. D.C.’s poverty rate is higher than the national poverty rate of 12.7 percent.)
Among Hispanics, the poverty rate ballooned from 11.6 percent to 17.8 percent between 2015 and 2016, DCFPI says. But for whites, it only grew 0.3 percentage points over the same period, which isn’t a statistically significant change.
Read the full study here.
Chattanooga Times Free Press Does Deep Dive on Inequality Fueling the City’s Growth
The Chattanooga Times Free Press has an in-depth multimedia exploration of the 40-year plan to revive the economy in Chattanooga. The piece presents startling statistics and personal stories on the economic and racial inequality fueling the city’s rebirth:
For years, local money had fueled downtown’s growth, but outside capital was finally flooding in. In fact, 2016 would prove to be a tipping point. For the first time, half of the projects in the city’s urban core were being funded by out-of-towners.
Highly educated newcomers, fleeing larger and much more expensive cities, were coming to town to fill new jobs and buy condos. To them, there was no buyer’s remorse. Chattanooga was, as Outside magazine claimed, “The Best Town Ever.”
On the other hand, much was brewing beneath the surface.
Minority and working-class families with roots in the city were suffering, an abundance of research proved. Housing costs were rising, contributing to a severe shortage of affordable housing. Public schools were failing to prepare a majority of children to make a living wage. Poverty was growing among all races, and few born into poverty were finding a path out. Violent crime was escalating alongside this sense of economic desperation.
#TBT Why the 1975 Pressman WaPo Strike Has Broader Political Implications
With Amazon’s decision to seek bids from cities for a second headquarters, the company and its CEO billionaire Jeff Bezos’ impacts on the American political economy are under deeper criticism than ever.
If Bezos were to engage in a prolonged fight with the union at the Washington Post—and public opinion turned against him—it could hurt the company’s brand at a time that it is seeking tax breaks from cities across the country.
More than this, high-profile newspaper union fights at publications are fought in the court of public opinion. If the public turns against a newspaper union, it’s often been indicative of deeper trends in society.
Pete Tucker has an excellent profile of the effect that Katherine Graham’s 1975 busting of the Pressman’s union at the Post had on creating public support for Reagan’s union busting at Patco six years later:
The pressmen’s strike was a watershed moment, and this was understood at the time, even if it has since been erased from history.
“Other publishers and corporations across the country are watching to see if a ‘liberal’ employer can actually get away with destroying a union in the media spotlight of the nation’s capital,” a Local 6 pamphlet noted at the time.
Among those watching the strike play out was a governor in California. Six years later, as president, Ronald Reagan would go after the air-traffic controllers’ union. When Reagan did so, it may have been with the understanding that, as with the pressmen, the big papers were unlikely to condemn his union busting.
“We often hear about Ronald Reagan [and the] air traffic controllers [and how] he busted the union in 1981,” said Hanrahan. But the Post “wrote the template for that in 1975.”
Could a defeat of anti-union forces at the Washington Post be a seen of the tide turning in favor of unions nationwide?
Stay tuned for more here at Payday.
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